An otolaryngologist is a physician who is trained in the medical and surgical treatment of patients suffering from diseases, infections or disorders related to ear, nose or throat and the related structures of head and neck. They are typically referred to as ENT (Ear, Nose & Throat) physicians in Los Angeles and all over the globe.
- Ears – Otolaryngologists carry out surgical and medical treatments for ear related disorders such as infections, nerve pain, tinnitus (ear noise), hearing loss and balance disorders.
- Nose – They alsotreat nasal cavity and sinus problems like allergies, nasal deformities (both cosmetic and functional), sinus disease, and nosebleeds.
- Throat – An otolaryngologist can treat adenoid infections,tonsillitis, larynx disease, disorders related to voice or swallowing, and airway problems like obstructive snoring or sleep apnea.
- Head & Neck – Otolaryngologists are trained to treat number of infectious diseases related to head/neck area, such as malignant and benign tumorsas well as thyroid and facial deformities (both reconstructive & cosmetic).
Los Angeles ENT specialists or Otolaryngologists are professional doctors, who specialize in treatment of ear, nose and throat related diseases. Most of the problems related to ear, nose and throat which these doctors have to handle are generally due to direct or indirect allergy. Some examples of this are dizziness, headache, hearing loss, chronic sore throats, and weeping ear canals. Nose related problems like post nasal drip and chronic nasal congestion, are allergic and can even get aggravated by middle ear disease or chronic sinus.
Sinusitis is the inflammation of the sinus cavities, which are located on either side of a nose, above or between your eyes. Inflammation is typically due to an undrained collection of mucus inside one or more sinuses. When mucus production increases, it leads to inflammation, which results in runny or drippy nose. This is the main factor which produces sinusitis.
The common symptoms of this infection are nasal obstruction, yellow/green nasal drainage, fever, fatigue, and facialpressure. Treatment for sinusitistypically includes antibiotics and decongestants.
The following are symptoms of tonsillitis:
- Sore throat & bad breath
- White/yellow coating on tonsils
- Swelling of tonsils
- Tonsils appearing red
- Swollen lymph nodes i.e. glands in the neck
- A slight change in voice due to swelling
- Painful or uncomfortable swallowing
Tinnitus is the medical term for "hearing" noises in your ears when there is no outside source of the sounds. The noises you hear can be soft or loud. They may sound like ringing, blowing, roaring, buzzing, hissing, humming, whistling, or sizzling.
The two reasons for which the adenoids/tonsils are recommended to be removed are:
- Difficulty in breathing due to enlarged adenoids or tonsils
- Recurrent infection despite undergoing antibiotic therapy
Recent research indicates that removing adenoids/tonsils proves to be beneficial for people who possess fluid in their middle ear.
There are number of factors which cause hearing loss:
- Long-term & continuous exposure to loud noise
There are two types of hearing loss. One occurs when the auditory nerve or inner ear is damaged and causes permanent hearing loss. The other type is temporary and occurs when sound waves are not able to reach inner ear. If hearing problems are untreated, then they can worsen over time. Anyone with hearing trouble should schedule an appointment with specialists of ENT in Los Angeles.
In order to find symptoms of head or neck cancer, a doctor must evaluate a patient’s medical history, perform a physical examination and lastly order diagnostic tests. The tests and exams performed may vary depending on the symptoms.
The typical battery of tests includes:
- ECG, X-ray and pulmonary function test
- Routine blood investigation
- CT Scan, sometimes PET & MRI
- Oesophagoscopy & Bronchoscopy
There are number of treatments available for treating head/neck cancers. These include radiation therapy, surgery, and chemotherapy.
Bleeding from the nose occurs when the small blood vessels inside the nose become irritated and burst open. This can happen due to a cold, virus or infection. Certain nasal sprays or oral medications can also cause bleeding from nose. In rare cases, nose bleeding indicates vitamin deficiency, local disease of the sinuses/nose, liver disease, high blood pressure or blood disorder.
Ear infections are caused by the improper drainage of fluid that is collected behind the ear drum during an allergy or cold.
Nasal polyps are sac-like growths of inflamed tissue lining the nose (nasal mucosa) or sinuses. They are caused by sinus infection, inflammation or uncontrolled allergies. If left untreated, then the polypscan grows and develop further in the nasal cavity and sinuses, resulting in breathing problems or headaches. Initially, Nasal polyps can be controlled with steroid sprays, but in some advanced cases, a surgery may be required.
Hoarseness is an abnormal change in the voice caused by a variety of conditions. The voice may have changes in pitch and volume, ranging from a deep, harsh voice to a weak, raspy voice.
Hoarseness can be evaluated with a fibre optic laryngoscope/stroboscope medical examination. For a detailed examination or biopsy, a direct laryngoscopy may be required.